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First Refinery to Produce Advance Biofuel from Sawdust is Coming Up

Novozyme, a Dannish company and world’s largest industrial enzymes producer, and Finland’s St1 Biofuels have agreed on a deal to produce advance cellulosic biofuel from sawdust. The later will build and operate the world’s first refinery using sawdust for advanced cellulosic biofuel production for which Novozyme will provide the enzymes.

The refinery will be located in Kajaani in central Finland. The area is known for its timber production and the by-product sawdust is available in plenty. The refinery will be ready in 2016.

Novozyme provides 60% of total enzymes used in US for ethanol production from corn. The company is now expanding its market for cellulosic biofuel production. It is also fast expanding its market outside US due to the slowdown of US biofuel industry caused by prolonged uncertainty in country’s biofuel policy.

 

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Karnataka to get $50 million dollars for biofuel

In India the Karnataka States’ Biofuel Development Programme  is set to get a boost in the form of  $50 million dollars from International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD). The loan can be utilized in various activities such as plantation of biofuel crops and production. Biofuel Development Board of Karnataka has been active in promoting biofuels and  has established biofuel information and demonstration centres with about 100 l per day capacity in each district. These centres are being scaled up to 150-200 l capacity. The Board also owns a 500 litre biodiesel production plant at Hatti Gold Mines. The loan conditions include 1% interest with a 50-year repayment period.

China’s first commercial flight powered with biofuel was successfully completed

China's first commercial flight powered with biofuel was successfully completed between Shanghai and Beijing. The privately owned Hainan Airlines flight used biofuel made up from used cooking oil collected from the restaurants. The biofuel was supplied by China National Aviation fuel company and energy giant Sinopec. It was a Boeing 737 plane which used 50% biofuel blended in conventional jet fuel and carried more than 100 passengers to their destination.

India achieved only 1.4% ethanol blending this fiscal year

Problems between sugar mill owners and oil marketing companies have resulted in only 1.4% ethanol blending through february this fiscal year which is way less than the blending target of 5% and lesser than the last year's achieved blending level of 2%.The National Policy on Biofuels of India identifies the sugar cane molasses as the feedstock suitable under Indian conditions for ethanol production for blending purpose and that makes the sugarcane mills as the biggest suppliers of bioethanol. The high state-level levies on the biofuel and the requirement of obtaining permits from authorities have been sited as the major impediments for producing bioethanol by Sugar Mills. The government has set the selling price of ethanol for sugar mills @  Rs. 48.50/litre  if the depo of the oil marketing company is within 100 km from distillery and  @49.50/ litre  if the depo is beyond 300 km. The producers claim that the long distance transportation also reduces their margin. India needs approximately 115 crore litres of ethanol to meet the 5% target. Read more at http://www.financialexpress.com/article/markets/commodities/less-than-a-third-of-ethanol-blending-target-may-be-met/55503/